Just Transition Agreement Spain

September 24th, 2021

The priority objective of the Just Transition Agreements is to maintain and create activities and jobs in the region through cooperation with vulnerable sectors and groups, to maintain the rural population in areas where settlements are threatened with closure and to promote diversification and specialisation in accordance with the socio-economic context. The bill obliges the state to promote the renovation of buildings. Spatial planning and housing fall within the competence of the regions (autonomous communities) in accordance with the Spanish Constitution. In addition, the bill provides for a ban on the exploration of new fossil fuels and hydraulic fracturing within any Spanish jurisdiction. From their entry into force, tax remuneration for energy products from fossil fuels is only allowed if it is sufficiently justified for social or economic reasons or for lack of alternatives. Fossil fuel subsidies will be subject to an in-depth review. However, this is not an important step if we remember that, in the 2001 Gothenburg Strategy for Sustainable Development, the EU committed itself to ending fossil fuel subsidies by 2010. The agreements on these coal zones include many instruments to support investment, the restoration of areas, support for industrial projects, the retraining of workers and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. “Just Transition” is another key element. A just transition strategy will be adopted between the State, regions and municipalities concerned, as well as stakeholders such as businesses, trade unions and NGOs, and fair transitional agreements will be signed for its implementation. These agreements promote economic activity, job creation and decarbonisation. At present, many projects have been proposed for the implementation of fair transitional agreements in regions affected by the coal phase-out.

“All levels of government, the government, the autonomous communities and the town halls, are committed to cooperating and providing the necessary economic resources to ensure that no one remains unemployed. This agreement lays the foundation for achieving the objectives we set ourselves at the beginning of the negotiations.┬áThis committee will present a report proposing measures to get out of the COVID-19 crisis. In particular, the GA economic recovery must present the pillars of economic recovery and the modernization of our mode of production and highlight measures to promote an ecological transition. This is why the law on climate change and energy transition comes at a crucial time. However, an acceleration of mitigation policy without careful reflection on the winners and losers of the transition to fully decarbonised economies will not create the support and confidence of people and communities who feel threatened by the very important changes we need to make. Although the benefits far outweigh the negative effects, they should also be paid attention. The objectives of the Paris Agreement are fundamental to ensuring justice and equality in all societies, especially in the poorest societies and in the most disadvantaged strata of all countries. Without accelerated climate protection, a just transition cannot be achieved. “We are working tirelessly on the energy transition and we demand that it be done in a way that is done in a way that is fair for the workers and the affected areas. We will continue to propose, negotiate and sign agreements to find new opportunities for those affected.

This agreement is a basis for signatories at all levels (state, region, province, county and locals) to find solutions for workers affected by the closure of coal-fired power plants. This follows years of trade union struggle, when successive Spanish governments have tried to end subsidies to the mining industry and close mines without reaching an agreement that meets the needs of workers.

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